The Degradation Process in the Septic Tanks System

October 31st, 2012
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septic-tank-systemIf you can not depend on centralized treatment of municipal wastewater to the wastewater treatment yours, you have your septic system build. In the long term it can be cheaper to have your own septic system, because if you are connected to sewers community then you need to pay a monthly bill. It can be effective for many years, especially if it is adequately maintained. Proper maintenance may require regular pumping system. Although this can cost even less then be connected to the main sewer from the community.

In essence, septic tanks made and built in concrete, plastic or fiberglass which is waterproof and should leak. It is under the ground, but has a supply and discharge as an opening. The input is connected to the pipes in the house that waste water from the house to the transmission system. If the drain water in the tank, will be in three layers. The top layer is where the floating solids found that include oils, fats and greases. The bottom layer is where the heavy particles settle out. The middle layer constituted by the liquid or the discharge water.

Septic tanks have a private system that contains natural kill the bacteria that digest the solids inside and put it in a liquid or gas. The solids are decompose, however, the solid material that can not decompose at the bottom where they accumulate. To help maintain the septic tank systems function properly for a long period of time the system must be pumped. This is necessary because the system is buried in the ground. You’ll only know I do not work efficiently if the backup and odor that is coming out of your sanitation. Do not wait for this to happen. Let your tanks inspected by a professional and they will know if pumping is necessary.

On the drain field in which the effluent is discharged waste water to be subsequently filtered. The drain field is constituted by a network of perforated pipes laid underground in about 2 to 3 meters deep. The perforated pipes are set on a bed of stones and gravel. The effluents released from the system of septic tanks will also be transported in pipes and drip slowly on the gravel and stones. The effluent is further filtered as it passes through the bottom for the presence of microbes in the soil. These microbes will remove the impurities in the liquid before going down to the groundwater.

System maintenance septic tank should start from home. This means that you should avoid overfilling the tank not to throw garbage and flushing the system. It is recommended not to put the waste as paper towels, disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, coffee grounds, cigarette butts, and other solids that can clog the system. Avoid rinsing liquids containing aggressive chemicals such as paint thinner, gasoline, and wants the helpful bacteria can damage the system.

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